Type 2 Diabetes Guide

Kidney Disease: Microalbuminuria Treatment Diabetes & Diabetic Nephropathy

Microalbuminuria is a condition where albumin, a protein in the blood, leaks into the urine as a result of kidney damage, usually due to diabetes (although there are many other conditions that can cause damage to the kidneys as well). can be initiated once a urine test is done to check for the presence of albumin in the urine. Treatment can help to preserve kidney function.

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The microalbumin urine test is a simple and painless. The patient provides mid-stream urine samples, usually throughout the course of a day. The urine samples need to be "clean" and should not be contaminated. Don't touch the inside of the collection cup and wipe yourself carefully before collecting the urine sample. Make sure that toilet paper, hair, menstrual blood, etc... does not fall into the collection cup. Record the date/time of each sample.

The lab will test the urine for albumin. Normally (in people without kidney damage), there should be less than 30 mg of albumin present in the urine in 24 hours. If you have abnormal levels of albumin, your doctor may monitor and repeat the tests as well as order additional tests to assess the level of kidney damage.

People with often have a microalbumin urine test when they're first diagnosed with the disease, and then annually or as suggested by their doctor. The diagnosis of microalbuminuria indicates diabetic nephropathy, which is kidney disease.

Microalbuminuria treatment for diabetes consists of lowering blood pressure and prescribing medications to slow or prevent additional damage to the kidneys. More than one type of medication may be required, especially if you also have or high cholesterol levels. A heart-healthy diet, regular exercise, minimal salt intake, and limited amounts of protein are also recommended (a lot of protein is tough on the kidneys). Smokers should also . These steps help preserve kidney function but also help to lower the risk of , since people with kidney damage are also at greater risk for heart disease. Diabetics should keep their blood glucose levels under tight control by following their plan. This will provide the best opportunity to prevent or delay microalbuminuria and other .



The information on this website is based on our own research and personal experience, and is not a substitute for medical advice. Questions about your health and individual situation should be directed to your doctor.