Diabetics face a number of challenges, one of which is hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. People with type 2 diabetes need to regulate their blood sugar levels properly to maintain optimal health. Hypoglycemia can be dangerous if left untreated, so the sooner action is taken to correct it, the better.
Our bodies use glucose as a source of energy. This glucose enters the bloodstream where the carbohydrates in the foods we eat are digested and broken down into sugars. The glucose in our blood rises, and insulin is released by our bodies to bring our blood sugar levels back to normal.
In type 2 diabetics, their bodies no longer respond effectively to insulin. This can cause blood glucose levels to be too high - so diabetics often take oral medications such as Glucophage (Metformin) or insulin to help control this. However, if you take too much medication or insulin then your blood sugar can drop too low (generally 70 mg/dl or less). Eating less or exercising more than you usually do can also cause low blood sugar, since both eating and exercise affect blood glucose.
Unfortunately, the signs of hypoglycemia can be rather non-specific and be caused by other diseases or conditions. Measure your blood sugar if you show any of these symptoms:
First, measure your blood sugar levels - this can easily be done at home with a glucometer. Eat a little or take some glucose gel. If the early symptoms of hypoglycemia don't improve within 15 minutes, try again. If it still doesn't improve, contact your doctor for advice. Adjustments to your medications or insulin may be required. Your diet and exercise routine might also need to be changed. Always follow the diabetes treatment plan your doctor creates for you so that you can feel your best.