How to Handle High Blood Sugar - Preventing Complications
High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia
is something that people with type 2 diabetes have to deal with all the time. The concern is
when glucose levels rise higher than the target levels
that your doctor has set for you.
High levels of blood glucose that go unnoticed or untreated can eventually lead to further
complications of diabetes
Here area few tips on how to handle high blood sugar
Causes of High Blood Sugar
Many things can cause high blood sugar. These include:
- Missing a dose of insulin or medication;
- Skipping your usual exercise;
- Eating too much (more than usual);
- High stress.
Fortunately, high blood sugar isn't usually a sudden thing - it tends to develop
more slowly then extreme low blood sugar (hyperglycemia),
over hours or even sometimes over the course of a few days.
Symptoms of High Blood Sugar
Symptoms include increased thirst and tiredness. A prolonged and/or
continued increase in blood sugar levels can make the thirst and tiredness
worse, plus lead to increased urination as well. That in turn can lead to
dehydration. Severe dehydration can cause a whole other set of issues
including death, if the dehyration is extreme enough.
Avoiding High Blood Sugar
To avoid the dangers of high blood sugar:
- Test your blood sugar regularly.
If you see a pattern of high blood sugar, talk to your doctor - your medication dosage
may need adjustment, or he or she may recommend adjusting exercise routines or diet to
keep your blood sugar levels under good control.
your blood sugar more frequently if you are ill, if you are under
stress, or if you have not been following your usual routine. This will
pinpoint any problems before they get too severe. All of these things can
affect blood sugar. It is helpful to record blood glucose readings in a
This will allow you to more easily spot unusual readings or patterns. Be sure
to make notes any to indicate possible causes.
- In the short term, engage in gentle to moderate physical exercise to help
regulate your blood sugar right away. Be sure to check your blood glucose
afterwards to make sure it's where you want it to be.
- Stay hydrated.
Sticking to a regular routine is the best way to avoid episodes of high blood sugar.
But even the most diligent person who sticks strictly to a regular exercise and meal
regimen won't always be able to avoid the occasional high blood sugar. Our bodies
sometimes change, or life distracts us from our usual routines. Once you know how
to handle high blood sugar, you will be aware of what to watch for so that you can
get back on track.
The information on this website is based on our own research and personal experience,
and is not a substitute for medical advice. Questions about your health and individual
situation should be directed to your doctor.