glycemic index ranks carbohydrates in foods on a sliding scale. The ranking is based on the effect the foods have on blood sugar levels after they are eaten. As you may already know, your blood glucose rises and falls as you eat a meal containing carbs. How high it rises and stays depends on the GI and the quantity you consume. Since people with type 2 Diabetes must control their blood glucose, the GI of foods is an important tool in planning their diet. A diabetic with a sweet tooth is in a tough position - sugary foods raise blood sugar levels quickly - so low glycemic index fruits may be a helpful substitute.
Many dietitians recommend a diet focusing on fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains and beans. Many fruits are naturally sweet, which can help diabetics satisfy a "sweet tooth" craving.
Foods with a GI of 55 of less are considered low GI. These foods include mostly fruits and vegetables, but also whole grains, low-fat yogurt, and pasta. Medium GI foods are 56-69 and include things like raisins and brown rice. Finally, high GI is 70 or above and includes foods such as baked potatoes, white rice, white bread and alcoholic beverages.
Some examples of common, tasty low glycemic index fruits include:
Medium GI fruits include cantaloupe, pineapple, and watermelon, among others.
All of the above refer to fresh, whole fruit (not canned). Keep in mind that the GI can vary or change, depending on the ripeness of the fruit as well. The riper the fruit, the higher the glycemic index.
These low-glycemic index fruits are just the beginning. Focusing on a low glycemic diet can be a useful tool in helping a diabetic control blood sugar levels. However, it is a combination of exercise, healthy diet, and medications (where necessary) that will help you control your diabetes.