Type 2 Diabetes Guide

What Gets Blood Sugar Down?

If you have type 2 diabetes, you have the much more common form of diabetes. With this type of diabetes, your body doesn't produce enough and/or doesn't correctly absorb insulin. Blood sugar levels need to be properly managed in a diabetic, who are prone to both low () and high () blood glucose levels. Knowing is important for diabetics.

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Insulin is a protein-based hormone needed to allow glucose, or sugars, to be taken up by the body's cell tissues and used as energy. Insulin gets released by the pancreas. , along with diet, regulates how much glucose is in the bloodstream, for it is and past their cell walls and inside the cells. Glucose is the first fuel that the body burns, and the brain lives on it.

If you are low in insulin production or cannot utilize insulin properly, the sugars mostly just stay in your bloodstream and build to very high levels. This leads to the : excess weight or ; dehydration (the body tries to flush out the excess sugars); eventual harm to your body (, , and/or ); lack of energy and lack of mental powers (lack of cellular fuel); chronic skin infections; ; (poor circulation); and blurry vision.

One way of managing and minimizing these complications is taking commercially prepared insulin to force more insulin into your bloodstream. Various types of are also available, such as the commonly-used While it's not uncommon for type 2 diabetics to use medication or insulin, it is only one part of a regimen, and it's sometimes not needed at all - some people are able to .


Diet and exercise, along with extra careful monitoring of one's body for any signs of escalating symptoms, are the strongest methods of minimizing the ill effects of diabetes. The goal is to regulate the intake of glucose so that throughout the day. This will include paying attention to foods' , a measurement of how many and what types of carbohydrates are contained in a given portion of the food in question. Carbohydrates are starches and sugars, and they come in two different types: simple and complex. Simple are easier to digest, complex more difficult. Complex "carbs" give longer lasting energy (to everybody, not just diabetics) and only demand a slow, gradual release of insulin into the bloodstream.

A diabetic will, therefore, want to have a diet heavy on fresh whole fruits (not juices) and vegetables and whole grains like whole grain bread, whole wheat pasta, and brown rice. Commercially-prepared foods like canned fruits and vegetables have to be monitored closely - these are very often quite high in refined sugars or salt (diabetics must watch salt intake because of how easily they are dehydrated). Refined foods like white bread, white rice, and sugar should be minimized in the diet. Of course, soda pop and other sweets must be minimized. Dairy products must also be watched closely because they contain a lot of simple carbs as well. is important for both regulating the carbohydrate intake as well as for overall weight maintenance. Extra calories add up and can lead to weight gain, which makes diabetes harder to control.

Finally, exercise helps to control blood sugar levels. Diabetics need to get plenty of physical exercise in order to prevent their bodies from storing too much glucose. Even simple exercising that blends into your daily life (such as gardening, or walking or riding a bicycle to do chores) are beneficial to help get blood sugar down.



The information on this website is based on our own research and personal experience, and is not a substitute for medical advice. Questions about your health and individual situation should be directed to your doctor.